Term and Phrase Search

DSE Version: 6.0



In search, there are terms and phrases where search queries that can take operation of both.

Slide 22 - CQL Search Request (Move to Previous Section)

  • A CQL query that includes the solr_query column in the WHERE clause

    • Uses only the = operator

    • The column value is a string containing the Lucene search expression

  • Most, but not all, CQL predicates are still valid in a search request

    • Selecting columns

    • WHERE predicates

    • Limiting the number of rows

  • Does not work with other DML statements - INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE

Search Term

  • Search for a term using the following format - field:term

    • The field / column name goes into the field

    • The value you're searching for in the field goes in term. Can be a word and Can also be a numerical value but the correct field type must be set on the field.

  • Use the special syntax *:* to retrieve all of the documents


  • To retrieve all documents

  • To retrieve all documents whose specific field is not null

  • To retrieve documents where a field matches a specific term


  • An entire phrase can be searched in a field

  • The field value must match the terms in the same order

  • Use double-quotes to denote a phrase

  • Important to note that phrases and wild cards can not be used in conjunction.

Multiple Terms in a field

  • Use parentheses to make a grouping of terms - (  )

  • Return documents whose title matches any of the search terms

Searching multiple fields

  • Multiple fields can be searched using the format - field:term  field:term …

  • Results include rows that match any of the field:term combinations

Boolean Ops

  • Allows terms to be combined into unique and flexible conditional search expressions

  • Add to or limit the documents that get returned in the search results

  • Grouping can be used to further control the results


  • Added at the beginning of a term or phrase

  • The term is required to be in the document field

  • Required term is processed regardless of other Boolean operators


  • Add at the beginning of a field, term or phrase

  • Excludes documents that match the prohibited term

  • The prohibited term is processed regardless of other Boolean operators


  • Similar to prohibit, and will exclude documents that matches the following term


  • Enclose multiple terms within parentheses to create sub-queries

  • Groups can be chained with a Boolean operator to expand the query

  • Multiple terms grouped together without an operator defaults to the Boolean OR


  • XML schema specification format - YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.SSSZ

  • UTC is default time zone

  • ms is optional

Now let’s try and put our new found knowledge of terms, phrases and forming CQL search requests into action with an exercise.

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